Anal warts condyloma acuminata are caused by the human papilloma virus HPV , the most common sexually transmitted disease STD. The warts affect the area around and inside the anus, but may also develop on the skin of the genital area. They first appear as tiny spots or growths, often as small as a pin head. They can grow quite large and cover the entire anal area. Sexual intercourse is a common way to get infected with HPV. However, a person can become infected with HPV without having sexual intercourse. Any direct contact to the anal area e.
HPV, anal dysplasia and anal cancer
Anal Warts | ASCRS
Men may also have condyloma on the penis and scrotum, in and around the anal opening, and in the urethra. There are about 45 strains of this virus, and 5 types are known to cause pre-cancerous or cancerous changes. At present it is not possible to tell from a biopsy specimen which specific type of the virus a given patient has, but the biopsy will at least tell if there are pre-cancerous or cancerous changes present. Condyloma are usually transmitted sexually, that is, passed through direct sexual contact with someone who has the warts. There are certain strains of the virus which are not necessarily sexually transmitted; that is, they may be contracted merely by getting the virus on your hands and then transmitting it to the genital area. All sexual partners need to be examined to rule out the virus.
Anal warts, also known as condyloma, are growths found on the skin around the anus rectal opening or in the lower rectum. Anal warts are caused by human papilloma virus HPV , which is usually transmitted through sexual contact but not necessarily through anal intercourse. There are many types of HPV; some cause warts on the hands and feet and others cause genital and anal warts.
For the last five millennia we have been dealing with the annoyance of verrucas. Anogenital human papillomavirus HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States and is increasing in incidence. As in other gastrointestinal conditions, HPV infection can lead to a stepwise transition from normal cells to dysplastic cells and then to invasive anal cancer.