European colonialism and colonization was the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over other societies and territories, founding a colony, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. Research suggests, the current conditions of postcolonial countries have roots in colonial actions and policies. Examination of the state-building process, economic development , and cultural norms and mores shows the direct and indirect consequences of colonialism on the postcolonial states. The era of European colonialism lasted from the 15th to 20th centuries and involved European powers vastly extending their reach around the globe by establishing colonies in the Americas , Africa , and Asia. The dismantling of European empires following World War II saw the process of decolonization begin in earnest. One of the main clauses of the charter acknowledged the right of all people to choose their own government. Historians generally distinguish two main varieties established by European colonials: settler colonialism , where towns and cities were established with primarily European residents and the amenities of a "Neo-Europe" and exploitation colonialism , purely extractive and exploitative colonies whose primary function was to exploit resources.
Analysis of Western European colonialism and colonization
Indigenous Resistance to New Colonialism | Cultural Survival
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation. The time of arrival of the first Indigenous peoples on the continent and nearby islands is a matter of debate among researchers. Other estimates have ranged up to , years  and , years BP. Although there are a number of commonalities between Indigenous Aboriginal Australians, there is also a great diversity among different Indigenous communities and societies in Australia, each with its own mixture of cultures, customs and languages. In present-day Australia these groups are further divided into local communities.
In an era of globalization, leaders of "recognized" nations often discuss the development of indigenous resources without inviting aboriginal leaders to the table. We know that the FTAA will lead to our deaths. We know that our democracies are corrupt and full of lies; that this industry of democracy produces lies and is manipulated by corporations. Meanwhile, we are left outside the discussion. Through free trade, corporations are able to take advantage of weaker labor markets, diminished tariff barriers, simplified regulatory conditions, and easier resource access to manipulate economic conditions for profit.
Throughout the s and s Britain had a major problem with crime and criminals. Many people convicted of crimes including petty crimes such as theft were sentenced to be transported to America. In the s the American colonies revolted against Britain. This meant that Britain had nowhere to send its convicts and turned towards Australia. It is difficult for us to imagine how hard life was for the early convicts.